Troubleshooting for HVAC/R – Data Analysis

This article is part 4 of a 5-part series on troubleshooting by Senior Refrigeration and HVAC tech Jeremy Smith

Ok, so we've got our data scribbled and scratched out on paper. Maybe a bit of grease, dirt, and oil, too, if you're doing things right—blood if you're doing it wrong.

Now, time to take a short break and congratulate ourselves on doing it right while sitting and thinking. Have a coffee and look over your data. Now, you have some decisions to make.

Much has already been published on analyzing data on a refrigeration system, so I don't think I need to reinvent the wheel here and review various combinations of pressures, superheat and subcooling, and airflows. If you haven't yet internalized this information, don't be afraid to have a nice laminated copy of the printout on your truck until you do.

The thing to remember here is that the more data you have and the more accurate that data is, the easier troubleshooting will be for you.

As an example, suppose you've got a unit with a TEV running a 10° subcooling, and your low side shows a lower than expected suction pressure and superheat. Do you have an airflow problem, a low load problem, or a sizing issue? Without collecting good data, it can be difficult to distinguish the problems, but if you've taken TESP readings, return and supply, dry and wet bulb temps, and have the unit model/serial info on hand when you sit down to analyze the data, the problem should be more apparent.

Evaluate the patterns in the data. Look broadly at all the data and see the patterns. If you have a good data set and a good understanding of the operation of this equipment, a “Most Likely” candidate for the problem is going to emerge.

The final step is coming tomorrow.

—Jeremy

Here are the previous installments of the series:

Part 1 – The Troubleshooting Mindset

Part 2 – The Don't List

Part 3 – Gathering Data

Related Tech Tips

What if you Only Have One Large Hose?
When evacuating, the FASTEST way is to use two large-diameter hoses connected to two core removal tools and the cores removed. These hoses are then connected to the pump using a tee or evacuation “tree.” However, when you only have one large hose, another acceptable method is to connect the large hose to the suction […]
Read more
Piston vs. TXV Metering Devices
The piston (fixed orifice) and TXV (thermostatic expansion valve) are the two most common metering devices in use today, with some modern systems utilizing an electronically-controlled metering device called an EEV (electronic expansion valve). It should be noted that there are other types of fixed orifice metering devices like capillary tubes, but their use is […]
Read more
How to Recover Refrigerant Quickly and Properly
The way we use and think of refrigerants is evolving quite rapidly. As we shift towards phasing out ozone-depleting refrigerants and considering alternatives, the future of refrigerants may seem a little uncertain to us. However, one thing is certain. Many HVAC units will continue to rely on the common HCFC, HFC, and HFO refrigerants we […]
Read more

One response to “Troubleshooting for HVAC/R – Data Analysis”

  1. That was well said . One thing I find so easy these days regarding collecting data to determine the source of problem causing issues is that it can be done in relatively a short amount of time.. I have 3 apps on my phone for collecting and calculating Wet bulb/Dry bulb temps, SUBCOOLING/SUPERHEAT values ,Air flow Range in door dry, in door wet and evap out let dry bulb . I recently starting using the Dan Foss slider and it’s proved to be a big help for PT conversions. But I liked the step by step pyramid diagram you demonstrated for evaluating the situation. Just another tool I will use now that makes my job easier and alot less frustrating on the times ut can be .

    Thanks guys at HVAC school .
    Sincerely,
    Sean McDermott

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

loading

To continue you need to agree to our terms.

The HVAC School site, podcast and daily tech tips
Made possible by Generous support from