Motor Speed – The Basics
How does a typical single phase motor know how fast to run? Typical induction motors are dependent of the electrical cycle rate of the entering power (measured in hertz) for their speed. Our power in the US makes one complete rotation from positive electrical peak to positive peak 60 times per second or 60hz (50hz […]Read more
Watts So Confusing?
Most motors are designed to a set amount of work, usually rated in either watts or horsepower (746 watts per HP). Watt's law states that watts = volts x amps. If a particular motor needs to do 1 horsepower of work at 120 volts, it will draw about 6.22 amps. And yes, in an inductive […]Read more
HP, Motor HP, BHP, Motor Watts
Brake horsepower (BHP), motor nameplate HP, and the actual electrical power (watts) a motor will consume are different but related concepts. They can get confusing. So, we will tackle them one at a time. Let us start with simple definitions of work, power, and horsepower. Work = distance in feet x force in pounds, both […]Read more
In residential and light commercial HVAC, we work primarily with PSC (permanent split capacitor) motors. However, it is good to be aware of some other types. PSC (Permanent Split Capacitor) A common medium torque single phase motor with a run capacitor always in the circuit. This type makes up the majority of HVAC motors (condenser […]Read more