Defrost Termination & Fail-Safe
As an A/C tech, I can sometimes get the terms “defrost termination” and “defrost fail-safe” mixed up because they sound pretty similar. Before we cover these terms, let's set the basic defrost groundwork for refrigeration (coolers and freezers). Defrost is accomplished in one of a few ways; these first two only apply to “coolers” where […]
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Why (and When) Do We Need Defrost?
Why Defrost? Let's start with the basics and move on from there. Defrost is necessary when the coil temperature drops below 32°F. Defrost can be as simple as turning the compressor off for a period of time or as elaborate as reversing the flow of refrigerant for the whole system or just parts of the […]
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Refrigeration Gas Defrost
Let's take a deeper dive into the magic that is gas defrost. Most techs who are familiar with heat pumps understand the basics of a gas defrost. When we apply this strategy to a larger system where we're only reversing a small part of the system, we need to add some controls and valves to […]
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Heat Pump Defrost Sensor vs. Thermostat
When you work on a heat pump system and want to test defrost, you can follow many different test procedures to test the board and sensors. Most involve “forcing” a defrost by shorting out pins on the board or advancing the time of the defrost initiation and installing a factory-provided pin jumper. Lots of pins […]
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Heat Pump Defrost Boards and W2
If you are used to simple, straight cool split systems, you know that the low voltage to the outdoor unit is usually VERY simple with just a Y (contactor power) and a C (common) connected to the outdoor unit in many cases. When the condensing unit controls are strictly two-wire low voltage, there is no […]
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Defrost Time & Temperature
The most common method to defrost appropriately in refrigeration involves both time for initiation and a combination of time and temperature for defrost termination (ending defrost). But why can't we just use temperature or time alone? (You may wonder.) Imagine a common freezer with a designed box temperature of -10°F and a coil temperature of […]
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Walk-In Cooler Defrost
This article is a quick, real-life diagnosis/find by Kalos Services senior commercial HVAC/R tech Eric Mele. Improper Defrost Timer installation While servicing this display cooler for an unrelated problem, I noticed the defrost timer installed in a way that will almost certainly cause early compressor failure. Because this is a cooler (not a freezer), it […]
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