Something to Watch For When Replacing a Thermostat

Sometimes, you find yourself in a position where you must replace a fancy thermostat with a simple one. It may be because the customer got fed up with all the options or because you are there on a weekend service call, and all you have is a basic stat.

No matter the reason, you need to make sure the new thermostat can do the job the old one did before you quote. An option that gets overlooked in matching up is dehumidification.

Most manufacturers of residential variable speed air handlers have a terminal that will drop the blower speed when de-energized. It may be marked DH, D, dehum, or something else. From the factory, they generally have that terminal connected to R using a pin or jumper so that the blower will run up to full speed. When one of these special thermostats gets installed, the tech is supposed to remove that jumper or pin and connect a wire from that terminal to the thermostat dehumidification terminal to energize the terminal for full blower speed or drop 24v to the terminal to go into dehumidification.

If we install a new thermostat and forget to reconnect that pin or jumper, then the system will ALWAYS run in dehumidification mode because there will never be any power on that terminal at the air handler board.

The lesson is to pay attention to whether or not a system is wired for dehumidification. If you need to replace it with a basic thermostat, be sure to replace the pin or jumper (J1 on the board example above).

If you forget to do so, the system will run less efficiently with lower airflow, suction pressure, and coil temperature.

—Bryan

 

Related Tech Tips

Remote Ice Machines - The Basics
Remote Ice Machines Why would someone want to take an already complicated machine and make it even more complicated? The answer: human arrogance and engineer's hubris. (Just kidding.) Fortunately, thousands of these ice machines have been installed and serviced. Let's take a little overview of a few of the critical differences and things to consider […]
Read more
Boiler Basics Part 2 - Components
This article is the second in a series on boiler basics by senior boiler tech Justin Skinner. Thanks, Justin. There are many types of boilers that do many different things, but almost all of them have some of the same basic components. It's partially because regulatory agencies require them, and other times, it's because they […]
Read more
Historic Homes: Handle with Care
This article was written by Sam Myers with Retrotec. Thanks, Sam! If you’ve ever lived in a historic home, you’ve likely noticed that the level of comfort can change throughout different parts of the house. It can also typically change throughout different times of the year, depending on your climate. That is primarily due to […]
Read more

2 responses to “Something to Watch For When Replacing a Thermostat”

  1. Bryan:
    Incorrect setup in second picture, (the blower motor control board). The jumper J1 is still in place. Whenever attaching a dehumidifier control wire to terminal DH, jumper J1 should be removed. If not, the tstat DH wire will not have control of the board, thus preventing fan from slowing down for dehumidification. (Of course you knew this. Just thought it would help others).
    Brett Yenzer
    California

  2. Whoops! I had zoomed in expanded view of J1 jumper, but, i didn’t zoom in enough. J1 jumper IS removed from J1’s upper pin after all. My bad.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

loading

To continue you need to agree to our terms.

The HVAC School site, podcast and daily tech tips
Made possible by Generous support from