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Proper Liquid Line Drier Location
Diagram above by Carrier
It's really easy to put a liquid line drier in the proper location, but it's still more commonly installed in the WRONG location. Namely, people install it right at the condensing unit. (OK, it isn't that big of a deal, but I needed some dramatic emphasis.) Installing it at the indoor coil is good practice for two main reasons:
#1 – It better protects the metering device (expansion valve or piston) from anything that may be in the liquid between the outside and the inside
No matter what, when you first put a unit in service, you are either releasing the charge on the liquid line first or adding pressure in the liquid line. If anything is in the liquid line, it is going to hit the indoor metering device first. Putting the drier inside better protects the valve.
#2 – It won't turn into a rusty mess and start leaking after a few years
This is pretty simple, so to make this tech tip a bit more in-depth, here are some other drier best practices:
• Don't “sweat” out an old drier. When you heat an old drier, the moisture it has previously absorbed is driven out of the drier and back into the system. Cut it out instead.
• Use the right type and size. Different driers have different purposes and vary in capacity. If you have a heat pump, make sure to use a “bi-flow” drier. If you are mitigating a burnout, ensure that you are using a burnout suction drier. Ensure the drier's capacity matches the system's capacity; this will take a bit of reading. However, for residential systems, you can use 8 cu/in on small tonnage systems only. To be safe, I would generally stick with 16 cu/in liquid line driers (chart by Parker/Sporlan)
• Don't burn the paint on a drier when installing. Not only will it look ugly, but it will also be more prone to corrosion. Use a damp cloth or other heat control methods.
• Point the arrow in the correct direction. Suction driers point towards the compressor and away from the evaporator. Liquid line driers point toward the metering device and away from the condenser.
• A liquid line drier goes in the liquid line, NOT in the discharge line. The discharge line is between the compressor and the condenser. The liquid line is between the condenser and the metering device.
• Flow nitrogen while brazing and pull a proper vacuum. Both of these practices are more important than whether a drier is inside or outside.
• Remove all old line driers and install a new line drier whenever the system has been open and exposed to the atmosphere. Sometimes, the old ones were in the wrong place. If that's the case, go ahead and straight pipe them. Then, you can install your new filter/drier in the proper location.