## Recovery Tank Capacity

To start with I’m going to cut straight to the part that most of you want to know. This is based on calculations I have done personally based on typical Mastercool DOT tanks but feel free to come to your own conclusions based on your own calculations. I prefer to stay on the safe side.

**30 lb(13.6kg)** recovery tank – Fill with no more than **17lbs(7.7kg)** of R410a or **21 lbs(9.5kg)** of R22 – total tank weight will be about **35lbs(15.9kg)** for R410a and **39lbs(17.7kg)** for R22

**50 lb(22.7kg)** recovery tank – Fill with no more than **32lbs(14.5kg)** of R410a or **39 lbs(17.7kg)** of R22 – total tank weight will be about **60lbs(27.2kg)** for R410a and **67lbs(30.4kg)** for R22

Now for the details.

First, you should look for the Tare Weight of the tank. It will be stamped on the top rim of the tank or handle with TW- and then the # like shown below on a common propane tank

Tare weight is simply the empty weight of the tank and must be factored for whenever you are weighing the total weight of the tank.

Next look for a stamp that says WC(PA), this indicates the water capacity of the tank, the total weight in liquid water to fill the tank 100%.

You also need to consider a few more things before you start filling

- You cannot fill above 80% with liquid or you risk building up the hydrostatic pressure and exploding the tank (That’s a bad day).
- Refrigerant does not have the exact same weight to volume ratio as water so you must compensate based on the refrigerant type.
- Refrigerant weight to volume ratio changes based on temperature, so to be safe you must calculate the refrigerant volume at the maximum ambient the tank will be exposed to in the back of your van. I figure 130 degrees.

There are a few different ways to do the math. Some use the specific gravity of the refrigerant but I just use cubic foot per pound at 130 degrees°F(54.4°C) to calculate just to be certain I am on the same side of the range.

Water has a volume of 62.42 pounds per cubic foot, R22 is 66.17 and R410a 54.70. You can find other refrigerants by looking up their data sheets.

a 30lb(13.6kg) Mastercool 400 PSI(27.57 bar) recovery tank has a water capacity of 26.2 lbs. Divide that by the water volume of 62.42 and you get 0.419 cubic ft of space in the tank (25.2 / 62.42 = 0.419)

If you are filling the tank with R410a you would then multiply the space in the tank (0.419 cubic ft) by the cubic feet per lb of liquid R410a at 130 degrees (54.70) and you get 22.95 lbs to completely fill the tank.

However you cannot completely fill the tank, you must only fill it to 80%, so you multiply the 100% full weight (22.95 lbs) by .80 which gives you 18.36 lbs rounded down to 18 lbs of total internal R410a weight (I go down to 17 just to be extra conservative).

If you then want to calculate the total weight of the tank + the refrigerant inside the tank you would need to add the tare weight. For this Mastercool 30lb tank, the TW = 17.99lbs for a total tank weight of 34.99 lbs

So in order to know for sure that you are not overfilling a tank, you must have the following –

- A scale under the tank at all times
- The tare weight of the tank
- The water capacity of the tank
- Either the liquid volume per pound or the specific gravity of the refrigerant you are removing

For R22 and 410a I came up with some quick (conservative) cheat numbers to simplify the math a bit.

For R410a just multiply the WC(PA) by .65 to find a safe fill weight, for R22 multiply WC by .82

You would still need to add in the tare weight to calculate total tank weight and if you are using a different refrigerant you need to start the math from scratch.

When in doubt, err on the safe side… and for heavens sake… use a scale and read the information on your tank.

— Bryan

P.S. – Tech Daniel Green made a really cool spreadsheet calculator to get max fill for various refrigerants HERE

Bryan Orr is a lifelong learner, proud technician and advocate for the HVAC/R Trade

Some supply houses will not take a 50 lb recovery tank over 65 lbs gross weight. I usually just don’t go over 65.

Yeah better off safe. We recover our own so I had never personally experienced that at a supply house. Thanks for letting us know.

Keep in mind some of what you recover is oil from the system along with the refrigerant.

What is not mentioned here is that 35% or more of the refrigerant is not reusable do to mixed and out of composition components. Technicians have no way of know if the refrigerant is flammable because of hydrocarbons that are used. EPA has put owners and service companies in a real bind